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Version: 17.06d (Release date: 2017-06-26)
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Dimethyl Sulfoxide (Code C437)

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Terms & Properties

Preferred Name: Dimethyl Sulfoxide

Definition: A highly polar organic liquid that is used widely as a chemical solvent and a free radical scavenger. It shows a range of pharmacological activity including analgesia and anti-inflammation. Because of its ability to penetrate biological membranes, it is used as a vehicle for topical application of pharmaceuticals. It is also used to protect cells and tissue during cryopreservation and has been used to treat extravasation damage caused by anthracycline-based chemotherapy.

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A colorless liquid that readily dissolves many chemicals and penetrates animal and plant tissues. It is used in human medicine, veterinary medicine, and pharmaceuticals.

Display Name: Dimethyl Sulfoxide

Label: Dimethyl Sulfoxide

NCI Thesaurus Code: C437 (Search for linked caDSR metadata)  (search value sets)

NCI Metathesaurus Link: C0012403  (see NCI Metathesaurus info)

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
(DMSO)
Demasorb
Demeso
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
dimethyl sulfoxide
DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
DMSO
Domoso
Dromisol
SQ-9453
SQ 9453
Sulfinylbismethane

External Source Codes: 
CAS Registry Number 67-68-5 (see NLM ChemIDplus info)
FDA UNII Code YOW8V9698H
ChEBI ID CHEBI:28262 (see ChEBI info)
NSC Code 763 (see NCI DTP info)
PDQ Closed Trial Search ID 39222
PDQ Open Trial Search ID 39222 (check for NCI PDQ open clinical trial info)
UMLS CUI C0012403

Other Properties:
     Name Value (qualifiers indented underneath)
Chemical_Formula C2H6OS
code C437
Contributing_Source CTRP
Contributing_Source FDA
Legacy_Concept_Name Dimethyl_Sulfoxide
Semantic_Type Inorganic Chemical
Semantic_Type Pharmacologic Substance

Additional Concept Data: 
Defined Fully by Roles: No  

URL: https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C437

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