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Version: 16.11d (Release date: 2016-11-28)
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Inositol (Code C28163)

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Terms & Properties

Preferred Name: Inositol

Definition: A natural sugar found in cell membrane phospholipids, plasma lipoproteins, and (as the phosphate form) in the nucleus with potential chemopreventive properties. As one of a number of intracellular phosphate compounds, inositol is involved in cell signaling and may stimulate tumor cell differentiation. (NCI04)

NCI-GLOSS Definition: A nutrient in the vitamin B complex that the body needs in small amounts to function and stay healthy. Myoinositol helps cells make membranes and respond to messages from their environment. It has the same chemical formula as glucose (the chief source of energy for living organisms) but has a different arrangement of atoms. It is found in beans, peas, brown rice, wheat bran and nuts. It is water-soluble (can dissolve in water) and must be taken in every day. Myoinositol is being studied in the prevention of cancer.

Display Name: Inositol

Label: Inositol

NCI Thesaurus Code: C28163 (Search for linked caDSR metadata)  (search value sets)

NCI Metathesaurus Link: C0021547  (see NCI Metathesaurus info)

Synonyms & Abbreviations: (see Synonym Details)
cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-Cyclohexanehexol
Cyclohexanehexol
Inositol
INOSITOL
inositol
myo-Inositol
myoinositol

External Source Codes: 
CAS Registry Number 87-89-8 (see NLM ChemIDplus info)
FDA UNII Code 4L6452S749
ChEBI ID CHEBI:17268 (see ChEBI info)
NSC Code 55552 (see NCI DTP info)
NSC Code 8101 (see NCI DTP info)
PDQ Closed Trial Search ID 305828
PDQ Open Trial Search ID 305828 (check for NCI PDQ open clinical trial info)
UMLS CUI C0021547

Other Properties:
Name Value (qualifiers indented underneath)
Chemical_Formula C6H12O6
code C28163
Contributing_Source CTRP
Contributing_Source FDA
Legacy_Concept_Name Inositol
Semantic_Type Organic Chemical
Semantic_Type Pharmacologic Substance

Additional Concept Data: 
Defined Fully by Roles: No  

URL: https://ncit.nci.nih.gov/ncitbrowser/ConceptReport.jsp?dictionary=NCI_Thesaurus&code=C28163

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